Fissure-in-ano or anal fissure is one of the common health complaints of several individuals. It causes pain, itching, burning sensation, and other discomforts in your anal area. However, following certain simple healthy tips can help prevent the occurrence of fissure-in-ano. Keep reading to learn what fissure-in-ano is, its causes & symptoms, and easy healthy tips to prevent it.
What Is Fissure-In-Ano?
In simple words, an anal fissure is a small tear in the lining of the anus. It is the delicate tissue that lines the anus wherein the tear is formed. The small tear in your anus’ lining may occur while passing the hard or large stool. It is mostly confused with hemorrhoids (piles), the other common cause of pain and bleeding in the anus.
Causes Of Anal Fissure
Anal fissure results due to an injury/trauma to the inner lining of anus and stretching of the anal mucous membrane beyond its capacity. The following factors are responsible for this injury.
- Hard or large stool (constipation)
- Loose stool or chronic diarrhea, such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, can also be responsible.
- Straining during the bowel movement is a major factor.
- Anal intercourse
Symptoms Of Anal Fissure
The typical symptoms of an anal fissure are pain and bleeding during the bowel movement. You may experience severe pain during and, particularly, after the stool which lasts for a few minutes to some hours. One may observe bright red blood on the stool or toilet paper after the stool. The patients are relatively symptom-free during the bowel movement. One may experience the fear of passing stool out of pain.
5 Helpful Tips To Prevent Anal Fissure
Here are some helpful tips to prevent anal fissure.
- Include Foods Rich In Fiber In Your Diet:
The best way to prevent anal fissure is to avoid constipation. Consuming fiber-rich food can help you prevent constipation and anal fissure. You should have 20-35 gm of fibers/day.
Rich sources of fibers include:
- Whole grain including cereals, whole wheat pasta, wholegrain bread and oats, barley, and rye.
- Fruits, such as berries, pears, apple, and oranges.
- Vegetables, such as broccoli, carrots, and potato with skin.
- Peas, beans, and pulses.
- Nuts and seeds.
- Have Plenty Of Water:
Drinking plenty of liquids helps you with easier bowel movement. Include more water, juices, soups, coconut water, and other healthy fluids in your diet. Avoid cold drinks, excess of caffeine, and alcohol.
- Exercise Regularly:
One of the most common causes of constipation is a lack of physical activity. Leading a sedentary lifestyle causes constipation which could further lead to anal fissure. Exercise for at least 30-45 minutes for good metabolism and a healthy digestive system.
- Practice Healthy Bowel Habits:
Follow these healthy bowel habits to lower the risk of anal fissure.
- Give yourself enough time to pass the stool.
- Don’t strain.
- Keep the anal area clean and dry.
- Don’t Ignore Your Urge To Pass Bowel:
Don’t ignore your body’s signal to pass the bowel. The longer you hold your stool, the dryer and harder it may get which will make it difficult to pass.
Following these five healthy tips can help you avoid the risk of developing an anal fissure. So, ensure you follow these healthy tips regularly to prevent constipation and fissure-in-ano.