Acne is a chronic, unpleasant inflammatory skin condition which leads to the development of pimples and spots, particularly on the face, neck, shoulders, chest, back, and upper arms.
How Exactly Acne Occurs?
Our skin has pores which are connected to glands (sebaceous glands) which produce Oil/Sebum. Sebum is known to carry dead skin cells through the follicles to the skin’s surface. You can see a small hair growing out of your skin through the follicle. Pimples develop when these follicles happen to get blocked, and oil gets build up under the skin.
Sebum, hair, and skin cells and hair can clump together into a plug. When this plug happens to get infected with bacteria, swelling occurs. A pimple begins to develop when the plug happens to break down.
How Hormones Play An Important Role In The Development Of Acne?
There is a range of factors that can trigger acne, but the main cause is believed to be a rise in androgen levels (production of which is increased during teenage).
An increase in the androgen levels makes the oil glands beneath the skin to grow. Sebum is produced by the enlarged gland. Cellular walls in the pore happen to break down due to the excessive sebum, resulting in the growth of bacteria.
During teenage production of Androgen increases.
Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is known to be the name of the bacteria which live on the skin and leads to the infection of pimples.
Does Acne Worsen In The Summer?
The rise in temperatures causes more than normal amounts of oil to be produced by the skin, which in turn can exacerbate skin conditions and provoke acne. So, acne may worsen during the summer season.
Also, summer means more sweating. Sweat does not cause acne. There occurs an increased build-up of bacteria after exercises/ in the summer, so it is advisable to take a shower. Sweat along with dirt clog pores and form plug, which eventually breaks down to form a pimple.
Also Read: – Can Hormonal Changes Cause Acne?
Acne is a condition better prevented than treated. So, in the summer, if you keep in mind a few things to care for your skin, you can prevent the flareups.
- Keep your skin clean.
- Wash it often with plain water.
- Always keep wipes with you to wipe the excess of sweat and oil.
- Proper cleansing is important.
- Apply Sunscreen, which is suitable for pimple-prone skin.
- Also, high glycemic foods cause acne flares. Eliminating or limiting sugary or starchy foods in your diet may help to control the flareups of acne.
If the condition is not under control after taking appropriate measures it is advisable to take homeopathy treatment.
Written by Dr. Shilpa, Associate doctor to Dr. Rajesh Shah