Stomach ache is quite a common health issue resulting due to gas, acidity, indigestion, and bloating. Gastritis, as the name suggests, ‘itis’ in the word signifies the inflammation of the gastric region which involves the swelling of the mucosal lining of the stomach. This broad spectrum of the entity that induces inflammation of the mucosal lining of the stomach that may lead to the swelling of the abdomen. Gastritis may have no symptoms which means that it can be asymptomatic or have symptoms ranging from mild, moderate, to severe. This health condition can be of two types depending on the severity and duration.
- Acute gastritis
- Chronic gastritis
Let’s have a look at it in detail.
The Stomach: The stomach is a J-shaped organ present in the abdomen for the digestion of the ingested food. The stomach secretes some gastric juices and hydrochloric acid. The process of digestion would further proceed with the absorption and assimilation of nutrients in the gut. The excessive secretion of the gastric juices by parietal cells of the stomach can lead to excessive acidity. The stomach helps to make acid and enzymes that help in breaking the swallowed food mixed with gastric juices and hydrochloric acid. The epithelium of the stomach is coated with the gastric mucosa which is secreted by special glands. Also, it has a protective mechanism functioning by secreting mucous. But, sometimes, these mucosal layers of the stomach get inflamed resulting in the swelling, acidity of the stomach, and protective mechanism dysfunction.
Causes of Gastritis:
Here are some common causes of gastritis.
- Erratic food timings
- Spicy food
- Helicobacter Pylori infection: The bacteria name H. Pylori can cause stomach and duodenal ulcers due to excessive gastric secretion in response to the stress. H. Pylori is harmful like termites in the mucosal lining of the stomach. It passes from one individual to another through the contaminated water or food. Bacteria killing drugs called antibiotics can treat this infection.
- Some allergic and autoimmune disease conditions like pernicious anemia: Here the immune system affects the body’s very own healthy tissue in the stomach lining leading to the damage of the mucosal layer of the stomach causing dysfunction.
- Long-term use of medications: Erosive gastritis wears away the gastric lining of the stomach. The most common cause of erosive gastritis is the long-term use of NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs), such as aspirin and ibuprofen. When you stop taking these drugs, the condition subsides. Your doctor might recommend reducing the dose or switching to the other class of pain medication. This type is particularly observed in the patients suffering from pain, such as leg pain, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and chronic pain in the body, where they are dependent on such painkillers.
Although stress and spicy food don’t cause gastritis, they can make the symptoms worse.
Signs and Symptoms of gastritis:
- Upset stomach
- Abdominal bloating
- Burning feeling in the stomach
- Retrosternal burning in between the meals and at night
- A loss of appetite
- Sour and bitter eructations
- Discomfort in the abdomen
- Vomiting of blood
- Black tarry stools
Complications of Gastritis:
Chronic or persisting gastritis may lead to some serious complications. They are as below.
- Watch for ulcers: Gastritis can lead to ulceration of the stomach over time. Some of the symptoms of gastritis include pain in the belly button or in the epigastric region, which is the pit of the stomach, that starts in between meals or at night. Antacids would briefly stop the stomach pain, which comes and goes lasts up to minute to hours.
- Stomach Cancer: Longtime prevailing problem of gastritis or long-time inflammation may lead to stomach cancer
- Vomiting may contain blood.
Sign and Symptoms for Stomach Cancer:
Here are some common signs & symptoms of stomach cancer that you should be aware of.
- Changes in the bowel movement
- Unusual bleeding
- A sudden loss of weight
- The loss of blood in the stool and vomiting
- Loose stools
- Constant abdominal pain
Diagnosis of Gastritis:
Usually, symptoms of gastritis help in diagnosing the condition. A detailed case consultation comprising the personal and medical history along with physical evaluation will help a physician to form the correct picture for the diagnosis. However, chronic gastritis would call for investigations to confirm the diagnosis or to prevent further complications by following a definite line of treatment.
Confirming the Diagnosis of Gastritis:
- Upper Gastric Endoscopy: A long tube with a tiny camera at the end is inserted through the mouth to check the interior of the stomach lining and the gastric mucosa for erosion as well as for the ulcer or growth of stomach polyp which may lead to chronic heartburn.
- Blood Test: The physician may advise a blood test to check for anemia in case there is a loss of the blood through vomiting or loose stools.
- Screening for H.Pylori Infection: Screening for H.Pylori infection is equally important to check for these bacteria which affect the mucosal lining of the stomach.
Remember that untreated gastritis can lead to chronic problems depending on the severity and duration of symptoms which could lead to chronic ulcer formation and cancer of the stomach in the long run. Timely diagnosis of the condition and accurate tests are necessary to manage and take care of gastritis in the initial stages and to prevent the development of the complications which could lead to surgery.
There are cases where, even when medical treatment is essential to treat gastritis, many patients find that they can deal with the symptoms on their own. Palliating with antacids, Proton pump inhibitors, and H2 blockers is not the solution. There are many over-the-counter (OTC) drugs, such as antacids, and Proton Pump Inhibitors, and H2 Blockers, available. But, they can cause serious side-effects which just give you relief for a few hours and the symptoms of gastritis may reoccur again leading to discomfort. Finding a solution with the treatment that addresses the root cause and correcting the lifestyle modification would help in the treatment of gastritis in the long run. And, it can save your stomach from the complications, such as ulceration and cancer. Homeopathic treatment for gastritis is a quite effective, natural, and safe treatment to count on.
Homeopathic Management for Gastritis:
Homeopathy has the best solution in treating your gastritis effectively without any side-effects. Homeopathy treats gastritis in a safe, gentle, and effective manner. Remember, the following dietary precautions can help in treating gastritis in the long run without any reoccurrence. Also, you need to consider the adverse effects of the allopathic mode of treatment. Taking homeopathic support will reduce your drug dependency on antacids and will also improve the condition of the stomach. Remember that if your stomach is sensitive to any food, the allopathic treatment will do no good for the treatment for gastritis. It should be treated from the root cause and not just by palliating the mode of treatment.
So, if any time you happen to suffer from gastritis, opt for homeopathy without a second thought and obtain relief.