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Lichen Planopilaris: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

What is Lichen Planopilaris?

Lichen Planopilaris is also known as follicular Lichen Planus or Lichen Planus follicularis. It is a variant of Lichen Planus (LP) of the scalp which leads to scarred alopecia followed by the permanent hair loss on the scalp. It is an autoimmune disorder.

(the Hair follicle is a small tubular cavity containing the root of a hair; small muscles and sebaceous glands are associated with them)

Pathology:

The histological hallmark of Lichen Planopilaris is a chronic per follicular and interface dermatitis that affects the hair follicle infundibulum (the segment that extends from the entrance of the sebaceous gland duct to the follicular orifice) and isthmus (the short segment that extends from the insertion of the erector pili muscle to the entrance of the sebaceous gland duct). This leads to the destruction of basal keratinocytes in the hair follicle.

Symptoms of Lichen Planopilaris:

Lichen Planopilaris mainly affects middle-aged people, more common in men. This type of LP exhibits primarily as skin flaking, hair loss and pruritis (severe itching).

It is manifested by tiny red spiny papules around a cluster of hairs. Sometimes even blistering occurs in the lesions. In some cases, no follicular scaling or inflammation is present but bald areas of scarring slowly appear.

It can be multi-focal or central alopecia patches with follicular hyperkeratosis or hardening and erythema or redness at the hair-bearing margin.

Diagnosis:

Lichen planopilaris on scalp Convincing cases of Lichen Planopilaris include a combination of typical Lichen Planus lesions and scarring alopecia. Those cases presenting only as scarring alopecia of scalp require histological co-relation (i.e. biopsy) for an exact diagnosis.

Research says that up to 40% of scarred alopecia is due to Lichen Planopilaris.

Conventional Treatment:

In conventional therapy, the treatment generally comprises of short tapered courses of prednisone in combination therapy with retinoids or anti-malarial drugs.

Other options include psoralen-UV-A, systemic and topical steroids, etc but its efficacy for the treatment is not proved.

Scope of homeopathy:

Lichen Planopilaris should be treated as quickly as possible to avoid permanent hair loss. Treatment is case-dependent, as the severity of symptoms, the extent of the lesions and response to treatment vary from individual to individual.

If not treated in early stages, it may lead to permanent loss of hair and in such cases, homeopathy is helpful to stop the further progress of the disease.

Homeopathy is strongly recommended in the initial stages of Lichen Planopilaris wherein we can help to control the further progress of the disease. It is not possible to grow hair on the scalp which has scarred skin. Good control of further deterioration is also considered as significant treatment using homeopathy.

Related conditions:

Frontal fibrosing alopecia is thought to be a limited form of Lichen Planopilaris.

Pseudopelade is also known as alopecia cicatrisata.

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Lichen Planus Case Studies

A 28-year-old female from Tamil Nadu, Mrs. L.S. (PIN: 41904) started online homeopathic treatment in December 2019 for her complaint of Lichen Planus.  
She was suffering from it for 8 months. She had spots on her hands, legs, back, and abdomen. Multiple spots were present on her body.....Read more

A 65-year-old male patient from Shimla, Mr. P.P. (PIN: 42476) started online homeopathic treatment in January 2020 for his complaint of oral lichen planus.  
He was suffering from it for the last 3-4 months. The redness and hyperpigmented spots were present on his tongue and the inner.....Read more


A 5-Year-Old Kid’s Relief In Lichen Planus Improved By 65% In Just 4 Months With Homeopathy

A 5-year-old-male child (PIN: 43472) started online treatment at Life Force Homeopathy for his complaints of Lichen Planus on 6th August 2020. He was suffering from a skin condition.....Read more

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